A former Republic of Zaire and former Belgian colony, currently the Democratic Republic of the Congo is the largest country in Central Africa and the third largest country of the continent. Serious problems in Congo emerged in 1960 when the country proclaimed its independence from Belgium. At that time the UN peacekeeping forces were brought into the country to secure the withdrawal of Belgian troops.
The United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC) was officially set up by the UN Security Council on 30 November 1999 to restore and support peace in the country torn apart by the opposing DRC government and separatists from the eastern provinces of Kasai and Catanga. The struggle for independence turned into the war known as the Second Congo War (1998-2002).
Flight tasks of the aircraft in the Democratic Republic of the Congo include passengers' transportation, casevac and medevac operations, and delivery of humanitarian assistance to the country's population. The aircraft operational bases are in Goma and Bukavu.
Among other areas of operations in Africa within the scope of the UN tasks are such countries as Ethiopia (2006-2007), Somali (2007), Uganda (2007), Kenia (2006-2007), Mozambique (2007-2008) and Madagascar (2007-2008).